Auschwitz Nazi concentration and extermination camp Main entrance to Auschwitz II (Birkenau) Auschwitz Location in Poland Coordinates German name Konzentrationslager Auschwitz ; also KZ Auschwitz or KL Auschwitz Other names Birkenau Known for The Holocaust Location Auschwitz, German-occupied Poland Operated by Nazi Germany and the Schutzstaffel Commandant Rudolf Höß (4 May 1940 – Nov 1943 ...
Auschwitz, perhaps the most notorious and lethal of the concentration camps, was actually three camps in one: a prison camp (Auschwitz I), an extermination camp (Auschwitz II–Birkenau), and a slave labour camp (Auschwitz III–Buna-Monowitz).
The Jewish community of Poland reacted with outrage after the management of the Auschwitz Museum announced that it was seeking to make contact with Nazi war criminals that are still alive and to get its hands on art, valuables, and documents which had been stolen from Jewish victims during World War II.
Auschwitz-Birkenau is the general term for the network of Nazi concentration and labor camps, established near the Polish city of Oswiecim.Together this complex was the largest of all the Nazi death camps across Europe and could hold upwards of 150,000 inmates at any given time.
Auschwitz I (or "the Main Camp") was the original camp. This camp housed prisoners, was the location of medical experiments, and the site of Block 11 (a place of severe torture) and the Black Wall (a place of execution).
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