Djibouti area has been inhabited since the Neolithic.According to linguists, the first Afroasiatic-speaking populations arrived in the region during this period from the family's proposed urheimat ("original homeland") in the Nile Valley, or the Near East.
Djibouti, small strategically located country on the northeast coast of the Horn of Africa.It is situated on the Bab el Mandeb Strait, which lies to the east and separates the Red Sea from the Gulf of Aden.
Djibouti City is the capital and largest city in Djibouti. Two thirds of the country's population lives in this seaport, which is situated on the Gulf of Tadjoura on the western side of the Gulf of Aden.
Djibouti is in East Africa, bordered by Eritrea to the north, Ethiopia to the west and south, and Somaliland to the southeast. The Gulf of Aden lies to the east. The country can be divided into three regions; the coastal plain and volcanic plateaus in the central and southern parts of the country and the mountain ranges in the north.
The tiny country of Djibouti is strategically situated between the western edge of the Gulf of Aden and the entrance to the Red Sea.. The Afars, descendants of 3rd century settlers, and the Issas from Somalia, are the country's two main ethnic groups.
Exercise normal precautions in Djibouti. Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page.. If you decide to travel to Djibouti: Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.