Rwanda (/ r u ˈ ɑː n d ə, -ˈ æ n-/ ( listen); Kinyarwanda: U Rwanda [u.ɾɡwaː.nda] ( listen)), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Repubulika y'u Rwanda; French: République du Rwanda), is a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.
The Rwandan genocide occurred in 1994, as members of the Hutu ethnic majority in Rwanda massacred up to 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority. By the time the Rwandese Patriotic Front gained control, the violence had created millions of refugees and left the country in ruins.
Rwanda: Rwanda, landlocked republic lying south of the Equator in east-central Africa. Known for its breathtaking scenery, Rwanda is often referred to as le pays des mille collines (French: “land of a thousand hills”).
World news about Rwanda. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New York Times.
Rwanda is a relatively stable East African country, and easily accessible from Kenya and Uganda. It is relatively easy, safe and simple to travel around. It is landlocked, surrounded by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west.
At 26,338 square kilometres (10,169 sq mi), Rwanda is the world's 149th-largest country. The entire country is at a high altitude. The lowest point is the Rusizi River at 950 metres (3,117 ft) above sea level.
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